As mentioned, there are a variety of reasons for a home being vacant. But what really qualifies as vacant? As defined by the courts, a home is vacant if there is not enough furniture for someone to reasonably and comfortably live there. A home with the necessary kitchen appliances, a small dining set, a twin sized bed and a recliner or two might be able to sneak under the vacancy radar.
However, a home with furniture but no people is still considered unoccupied, which can also void your insurance. Don’t try to outsmart your insurance company but be prepared to know your rights. Homeowners have had to take their chances in court when trying to fight vacancy statuses in the past.
So why might someone leave their home for a long period of time? Here are just some of the more common reasons and what to do if you find yourself in one.
Do you own a vacation home? If you’re fortunate enough to have homes in two very unique locations, you may split your time up throughout the year between them, taking advantage of better weather. Switching back and forth from a homeowners policy to a vacant home policy would be time consuming and exhausting. Ask your insurance broker about special seasonal and vacation home coverage. You may also qualify for a packaged deal that will cover both homes throughout the year.
If you’re completing extensive renovations, or more than just a few coats of paint, you may need to temporarily vacate your residence. Before you do so, speak with your insurance company. You may need additional coverage for a construction site, as they can attract thieves. The work itself puts your home at risk for damage as well so be prepared to add on additional coverage.
If you’ve purchased a new home and are in limbo while you either rent out or sell your original home, speak to your insurance broker. You may be able to simply add on an endorsement to your current policy or you may have to purchase an entire new policy for the vacant house until someone moves in.
Whether you’re recovering from an accident, surgery, or serious illness, prolonged time in a hospital or rehab center could leave your home unoccupied if you’re gone past your policy’s window. If this happens, give a family member power of attorney and ask them to check with your insurance company to see what needs to be done to keep your house protected until you’re able to return.
It may be a small world but when you’re traveling across it for several weeks or even months at a time, your home may reach vacant status. An endorsement will be your most likely step to protect your home while you check off locations from your bucket list.
Do you need vacancy insurance for an apartment? It depends. If you rent, your renters insurance (which you do have, right?) will still protect your belongings, for as long as you’re gone, as long as the policy is active. While you should inform your landlord of your absence, you do not have to inform your insurance agency. But if you own the apartment, you do need a vacancy policy. Speak to your broker about the best way to protect your apartment. Only owning the apartment versus owning all the apartments in a small building will have different options.
Types of Vacant Home Insurance Coverages
Unoccupied and Vacant Home Insurance is different from that available to homeowners who occupy their homes. These are some of the coverages typically associated with Vacant Home Insurance:
Named Peril Coverage
This differs from traditional coverage on vacant and unoccupied homes because vandalism is typically excluded leaving the named perils to include:
- Hail Damage
Perils that aren’t included or named will need specific add-on coverage.
Vandalism and Malicious Mischief Coverage
While typically a part of homeowner’s insurance, for owner-occupied homes, this type of coverage is generally excluded on unoccupied homes, which often make attractive targets for vandals.
Agreed Loss Settlement
In the event that the destruction to the home equates to a total loss, this is the agreed upon amount, minus deductibles, you will receive from the insurance provider.
Actual Cash Value
If the home is damaged by a covered event, the actual cash value will cover the cost to repair or replace the property after determining a depreciation value that considers the age of the home and its condition.
If you are found legally responsible for injuries or property damage that took place on your property, liability coverage helps provide you with legal representation and helps to cover the costs of judgments against you.
The key, though, is to consult with your insurance agent about unoccupied and vacant home insurance to learn what coverage is available to you and which policies are the best options for your home and your circumstances.